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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all over the world and have been found in Australia in small numbers. Recently they've become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and most parts of the world, over the last ten years. .
The main reason behind the increase is thought to be due to insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are highly resilient to many of those commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world traveling with bed bugs being dispersed in bags, shoes and clothing. Once obtained at turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs could then be transported and introduced back to the houses of guests in their own luggage.
Many hostels have now banned the use of travellers own sleeping linen in shared accommodation for a safety precaution against this insect.
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In early infestations, bed bugs are found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. Later, as the infestation spreads, the bugs move to any tiny crevices, which might be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their colour, mature bed bugs can easily be seen with the naked eye on white sheets and bedding, but rather difficult to view on brown wooden floors and other black surfaces.
Heavily used hiding places are evident from black or brown spots of blood excrement or spotting. There might also be an offensive candy odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour sometimes called buggy is similar to the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin shells may be found near such places, in addition to living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This method of communication and the release of alarm pheromones can make them very difficult to deal with as bed bugs become alert and fast vacate the area being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs can also propagate into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a host, bed bugs will nourish and are very likely to haven in close proximity. In this case, new locations can easily become infested with bed bugs in a brief amount of time. .
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Different individuals have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of factors. Some individuals have little or no reaction to the sting. In others the sting site can get red and intensely itchy. This can happen during the course of the night or may take up to 9-14 days to develop.
The red wheals can range from 2 cm to 5 cm in diameter with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock could possibly occur in individuals that are highly allergic, but this is quite rare. .
Discomfort and reduction he has a good point of sleep is common in the emotional ramifications of bed bugs. Bites may be found on many different areas on the entire body. Another feature is the bites are sometimes in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. These rows are caused by the bed insect being disturbed during feeding and having to pierce the skin to feed again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but will feed on other mammals and poultry if redirected here necessary. Although they can carry diseases such as hepatitis they are not known to transfer these diseases to other individuals.
Bed bug eggs' survival is also an issue. It's not uncommon for the reside bed bugs amongst an infestation to be wholly eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period of up to fourteen days and may be deposited in hidden areas that are difficult to treat. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are created more problematic due to the now smaller size of this newly re-emerged bed bug nymph. Once an infestation is detected, all adjoining chambers need to be inspected and treated if also influenced.
This can be completed by using adhesive tape (if insect numbers are very small) to trap the insect. Vacuuming is also recommended before chemical treatment because it removes all dust and debris from the website of this infestation making it easier for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn succeed.